OTTO Educational Consulting, LLC

Comprehensive Special Education Advocacy & Consultation for Parents 

Useful Links and Terms to Know

                                     What is DYSLEXIA?

“Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.”

(Originally adopted by the IDA Board of Directors, Nov. 12, 2002, and slightly revised in 2016)  This Definition is also used by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). Many state education codes, including New Jersey, Ohio and Utah, have adopted this definition

                       HOW WIDESPREAD IS DYSLEXIA?

Current studies suggest that 15-20% of the population has a reading disability. Of those, 85% have dyslexia. Dyslexia occurs in people of all backgrounds and intellectual levels. In addition, research shows that dyslexia runs in families; dyslexic parents are very likely to have children who are dyslexic. Some people are identified as dyslexic early in their lives, but for others their dyslexia goes unidentified until they get older. People who are very bright can be dyslexic. They are often gifted in areas that do not require strong language skills, such as art, computer science, design, drama, electronics, math, mechanics, music, physics, sales, and sports.

Connecticut Organizations

Autism Society of Connecticut (ASCONN)
The Autism Society of Connecticut is focused on three areas: serving as a statewide autism resource, providing grants to families who may need financial assistance, and raising awareness of autism.

Brain Injury Association of Connecticut
An independent non-profit organization dedicated to supporting individuals with brain injury, their families, and caregivers while increasing the community’s understanding of brain injury and its prevention.

Connecticut Branch of the International Dyslexia Foundation

Resources, advocacy and awareness for individuals with Dyslexia.

Connecticut Parent Advocacy Center (CPAC)
A statewide nonprofit organization that offers information and support to families of children with any disability or chronic illness, age birth through 26.

Connecticut Tourette Syndrome Association
Provides advocacy, education, and support to the Tourette Syndrome community.

Dyslexia Society of Connecticut

Epilepsy Foundation of Connecticut
Dedicated to improving the lives of people with epilepsy and their families.

Mental Health Association of Connecticut

Advocating for everyone's mental health for over 100 years.

NAMI Connecticut

Connecticut chapter of the National Alliance for the Mentally Ill.

Nonverbal Learning Disorders Association

Dedicated to research, education and advocacy for nonverbal learning disorders.


A network of parents and professionals dedicated to special education, inclusion and Section 504 issues.

Smart Kids with LD
Smart Kids with Learning Disabilities is a non-profit organization in Westport dedicated to empowering the parents of children with learning disabilities and ADHD.

National Organizations

All Kinds of Minds
Founded by Dr. Mel Levine. Nonprofit institute dedicated to the understanding of differences in learning.

Children and Adults with Attention Deficit Disorder (CHADD)

A parent-based organization formed to better the lives of individuals with attention deficit disorders.

Council of Parent Advocates and Attorneys (COPAA)

A national voice for special education rights and advocacy.

International Dyslexia Association

Dedicated to individuals with dyslexia and their families.

LD OnLine
Interactive guide to learning disabilities for parents, teachers, and children.

Schwab Learning
Parent's guide to helping kids with learning differences and disabilities, includes articles, message boards, event calendar, and free publications. 


Information about special education law, education law and advocacy.

State and Federal Agencies

Connecticut Department of Developmental Services (formerly DMR)

Connecticut Office of Protection and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities

Connecticut State Department of Education

Office for Civil Rights

State Education Resource Center

U.S. Department of Education

CT Information
  • READ THE BUREAU BULLETIN! These publications are the CT Bureau of Special Education's main way of notifying the public about anything significant.  There is important information here that is found nowhere else.

                                       Additional Resources: 
Planning for the Future: 

Important Terms to Know 
Due Process Complaint: A written complaint filed by a parent or a school district involving any matter relating to the identification, evaluation, educational placement or provision of a free appropriate public education to a student with a disability. Due process complaints must be filed within two years of the matter in dispute, unless the state has set a different time limit. 

Due Process Hearing: A formal, quasi-legal procedure before an impartial hearing officer or administrative law judge (or panel of judges) who is not an employee of the state educational agency or school district. Both the parents and the school district present arguments and evidence. 

Mediation: A confidential, voluntary process that allows parties to resolve disputes without a formal due process hearing. An impartial mediator helps the parties to express their views and positions and to understand the other’s views and positions. The mediator’s role is to facilitate discussion and help parties reach an agreement — not to recommend solutions or take positions or sides. 

Resolution Session: A mandatory meeting that the school district must convene within 15 days of receiving the parents’ due process complaint. The resolution session includes parents, members of the IEP team relevant to the complaint, and a representative of the school district who has decision-making authority. If a resolution is reached to resolve the complaint, the parties execute a legally binding agreement which a party may void within 3 business days of the agreement’s execution. The parents and the school district may agree in writing to waive resolution session, or agree to use the mediation process under the IDEA. 

State Complaint: A written complaint that can be filed by any organization or individual claiming that a school district within the state has either violated a requirement of Part B of IDEA (the part that contains all requirements regarding the delivery of special education services) or the state’s special education law or regulations. State complaints must be filed within one year 

 Copyright © 2007   OTTO Educational Consulting, LLC.  All Rights Reserved